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The Efficacy of an 8-Week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Programme on Hand Cycling Performance

Nevin, Jonpaul, Waldron, Mark, Patterson, Stephen, Smith, Paul, Price, Mike and Hunt, Alex (2018) The Efficacy of an 8-Week Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Programme on Hand Cycling Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32 (7). pp. 1861-1868. ISSN 1064-8011

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002569

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week concurrent strength and endurance training programme in comparison to endurance training only on several key determinants of hand cycling performance. Five H4 and five H3 classified hand cyclists with at least one year’s hand cycling training history consented to participate in the study. Subjects underwent a battery of tests to establish body mass, body composition, VO2peak, maximum aerobic power, gross mechanical efficiency, maximal upper body strength, and 30 km time trial performance. Subjects were matched into pairs based upon 30 km time trial performance and randomly allocated to either a concurrent strength and endurance or endurance training only, intervention group. Following an 8-week training programme based upon a conjugated block periodisation model, subjects completed a second battery of tests. A mixed model, 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed no significant changes between groups. However, the calculation of effect sizes (ES) revealed that both groups demonstrated a positive improvement in most physiological and performance measures with subjects in the concurrent group demonstrating a greater magnitude of improvement in body composition (ES -0.80 vs. -0.22) maximal aerobic power (ES 0.97 vs. 0.28), gross mechanical efficiency (ES 0.87 vs. 0.63), bench press 1 repetition maximum (ES 0.53 vs. 0.33), seated row 1 repetition maximum (ES 1.42 vs. 0.43), and 30 km time trial performance (ES -0.66 vs. -0.30). In comparison to endurance training only, an 8-week concurrent training intervention based upon a conjugated block periodisation model appears to be a more effective training regime for improving the performance capabilities of hand cyclists.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Disability sport, arm ergometry, resistance training, conjugated block periodisation
Depositing User: RED Unit Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2018 10:56
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2018 09:26
URI: http://bucks.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/17391

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